Depending on their condition, concrete floors can be polished to a high standard or refinished differently. The former is a cheaper option while the latter can be expensive. It is important to note that the final floor finish depends on the technique used, the grit used, and the slab placement. Some slabs need to be ground to expose the aggregate, and grinding a few millimetres off the top can provide the desired result.
Before starting to polish your floor, use the right tools and supplies. A polishing pad is an excellent choice. The pad should be made of high-quality hog bristles. Avoid using cheap polishing pads because they won’t produce a nice shine. After cleaning your floor, make sure you use a rag to remove any residue from the applicator pad. You can also use a microfiber mop.
To start floor polishing Adelaide, prepare the surface of your concrete flooring. First, prepare the area by filling any cracks or holes with repair filler, such as epoxy or semi-rigid crack filler. Make sure to level the floor before you begin polishing. Floor polishing machines come in various sizes and styles. The best models will feature a main polishing head approximately 17 to 36 inches in diameter, with three or four satellite heads that hold diamond abrasives.
Buffing is another popular type of floor polishing, which uses rotating pads that move at a slower pace to make the surface smoother and more attractive. In contrast, spray buffing uses a solution to fill in nicks and smudges. Floor buffers come with buffer pads to help with the process. Floor buffers are used to remove scuffs, marks, and other imperfections. Finally, burnishing is a faster technique similar to buffing but removes the top layer of the floor.
Depending on the type of concrete, a commercial floor polishing Adelaide machine will need to be equipped with a topcoat. This topcoat is essential when the floor is subject to oil, grease, or chemicals. Concrete polishing machines also need a stain protection treatment, like a fabric guard on upholstery. It creates a barrier to stains, making it easier to maintain a spotless floor. You can apply this stain-repellent coating with a pump sprayer or a wax applicator. Various floor polishing machines can weigh between two to four hundred and fifty pounds.
The HIPERFLOOR(r) process consists of three chemicals to polish concrete floors. The first is a pore filler called GM 3000. This filler improves the surface’s resistance to diamond tooling. Second, densifiers make the concrete more durable and resistant to dust and efflorescence. A third type is a sealer, which protects the polished floor and helps it diffuse and breathe.
After cleaning, buffing the floors can be done by hand or with stand-behind machinery. First, ensure the floor is thoroughly cleaned before polishing it to prevent dirt from getting stuck in the polish. A brass wool pad is an effective way to remove small scratches and dents. Then, apply a coat of hardwood floor wax to the damaged area. Once it dries, use a buffing pad to create a shiny finish.
The sheen level of your floor polishing Adelaide operation will determine how luminous it will make the space feel. The sheen level refers to how much light is reflected off your floor. For example, a high gloss polish will reflect more light than a low gloss one and reveal any imperfections in the wood. To determine what level is appropriate for your floor, consult with a flooring contractor. They will be able to provide you with a free estimate.
Aside from a wet or dry polishing machine, you should also check the manufacturer’s recommendations for dyes for polished concrete. For example, some companies recommend applying dye at 400-grit and densifying your floor. If you’re considering using a dye on a concrete floor, consult with a dye manufacturer for the right type of dye to use. These products should be soluble and penetrate the concrete readily. Often, manufacturers will recommend a specific dye for each type of concrete.